What is Integration?
Work from a decade ago with the BC Ministry of Education and Bernajean Porter suggest 3 kinds of integration.
Literacy Integration – Learning to use the technology
Adapting Integration – Using the technology for things you could do in classroom already
Transformative Integration – Using the technology to do something you couldn’t do without technology.
Expanded concept – http://fcit.usf.edu/matrix/
One model of the path to transformative integration is based on Bernajean Porter’s work with BC in the late 1990’s. It starts with learning the tool, then adapting learning tasks and finally transforming by doing something that was not possible without the technology.
Learning to use technology is at the ‘Literacy’ level of the Technology integration hierarchy. Teaching and learning technology as its own subject, provides students today with skills that are either already or will be irrelevant in a short period of time.
Adapting the same teaching and learning activities to ‘include or integrate technology’ is at the adaptive level. If we use technology as a tool to continue doing what we already do, (perhaps faster or fancier) we are merely substituting a worksheet for an electronic worksheet or enhancing the final product. Adapting old activities continues to provide outdated skills and ways of thinking.
A similar recent and more detailed model is the SAMR model by Ruben Puentedura. It also provides an anchor to pedagogy of doing more than just using technology.
Having a framework to anchor our thinking and actions to provide a lens to direct the learning conversation away from ‘making a movie’ to sharing learning in a way not possible and to assessing the learning and not the output.